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#What is the news of 27 Jan 2020 of #Bodoland ? बोडोलैंड के 27 जनवरी 2020 की खबर क्या है? BODO AGREEMENT 2020

What is the #news of 27 Jan 2020 of #Bodoland ? बोडोलैंड के 27 जनवरी 2020 की खबर क्या है? BODO AGREEMENT 2020

26.10.20

/ by Bodopress

What is the news of 27 Jan 2020 of Bodoland?  बोडोलैंड के 27 जनवरी 2020 की खबर क्या है? BODO AGREEMENT 2020

BODO AGREEMENT 2020

On 27 January 2020, the Centre, the Assam government and Bodo groups including all factions of the militant National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) signed an agreement for peace and development. Home Minister Amit Shah described it as the final and comprehensive solution‖ of the long-standing Bodo issue.

What is the Bodo issue?

1. Bodos are the single largest community among the notified Scheduled Tribes in Assam. Part of the larger numbers of Bodo Kachari, the Bodos constitute about 55-56% of Assam’s population.

2. The first organised demand for a Bodo state came in 1967-68 under the banner of the political party Plains Tribals Council of Assam.

3. In 1985, when the Assam Movement culminated in the Assam Accord, many Bodos saw it as essentially focusing on the interests of the Assamese-speaking community.

4. In 1987, the All Bodo Students Union (ABSU) led by Upendra Nath Brahma revived the Bodo statehood demand. 

5. The armed group Bodo Security Force arose, under the leadership of Ranjan Daimary, in October 1986.

6. It subsequently renamed itself NDFB, and later split into factions.

7. All NDFB factions under SoO [Suspension of Operations] shall abjure path of violence, surrender their weapons and disband their armed organisations within one month of signing this MoS,‖ the Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) said.

Third Bodo Accord

1. This is the third Bodo accord to be signed in the last 27 years when the violent movement for a separate Bodoland state claimed hundreds of lives, destruction of public and private properties.

2. The first Bodo accord was signed with the All Bodo Students Union (ABSU) in 1993, leading to the creation of a Bodoland Autonomous Council with limited political powers.

3. In 2003, the second Bodo accord was signed with the militant group Bodo Liberation Tigers (BLT), leading to formation of Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) with four districts of Assam -- Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baska and Udalguri -- called the Bodoland Territorial Area District (BTAD).

4. The BTC has control over 30 subjects like education, forests, horticulture but no jurisdiction on the police, revenue and general administration departments, which are controlled by the Assam government. The BTC was formed under the 6th Schedule of the Constitution.

5. The demand for a separate state for the Bodos has been going on in Assam for about five decades and several Bodo overground and militant groups raising it leading to agitations, protests, violence and many deaths.

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